bài tập về câu bị động

Câu thụ động (Passive voice) là vấn đề ngữ pháp không xa lạ trong những kỳ thi đua giờ đồng hồ Anh. Để tóm Chắn chắn cấu hình này, hãy nằm trong ELSA Speak ôn luyện qua quýt 100 bài xích luyện câu thụ động tiếp sau đây nhé.

Lý thuyết câu thụ động vô giờ đồng hồ Anh

Câu thụ động thông thường dùng để làm nhấn mạnh vấn đề cửa hàng – người hoặc vật đang được Chịu hiệu quả từ là một hành vi.

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Kiểm tra phân phát âm với bài xích luyện sau:

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Cấu trúc:

S+ be + V3 + (by +n)

Ví dụ:

  • Câu công ty động: He bought a new xế hộp yesterday. (Anh ấy vẫn mua sắm một con xe mới mẻ ngày qua.)
  • Câu bị động: A new xế hộp was bought by him yesterday. (Một con xe mới mẻ đã và đang được anh ấy mua sắm vô ngày qua.)

Cấu trúc câu thụ động của 12 thì vô giờ đồng hồ Anh:

ThìCấu trúcVí dụ
Present simple

(Hiện bên trên đơn)

S + am/is/are + V3The floor is cleaned everyday.

Sàn ngôi nhà được vệ sinh dọn thường ngày.

Past simple

(Quá khứ đơn)

S + were/was + V3 My xe đạp was fixed yesterday.

→ Xe giẫm của tôi đã và đang được sửa ngày ngày qua rồi.

Future Simple

(Tương lai đơn)

S + will be + V3 These goods will be sold in 2 months. 

→ Những sản phẩm & hàng hóa này sẽ tiến hành chào bán vô 2 mon nữa.

Present continuous

(Hiện bên trên tiếp diễn)

S + am/is/are + being + V3The house is being painted now. 

Ngôi ngôi nhà đang rất được đá vô thời điểm hiện tại.

Past continuous

(Quá khứ tiếp diễn) 

S + were/was + being + V3The trees were being cut at 6 PM yesterday. 

Những loại cây này đã trở nên chặt vô 6 giờ chiều ngày qua.

Future continuous

(Tương lai tiếp diễn)

S + will be + being + V3The animals will be being fed by zookeepers at 7 AM tomorrow. 

Các loài vật sẽ tiến hành nhân viên cấp dưới sở thú mang đến ăn vô 7 giờ ngày mai.

Present perfect

(Hiện bên trên trả thành)

S + has/have + been + V3This road has not been used for 2 years.

Con lối này đang không được dùng hai năm rồi.

Past perfect

(Quá khứ trả thành)

S + had + been + V3The exercises had been done by them.

Bài luyện đã và đang được Shop chúng tôi hoàn thành xong xong xuôi.

Future perfect 

(Tương lai trả thành)

S + will have + been + V3This essay will have been finished by 6 o’clock.

Bài luận này sẽ tiến hành hoàn thành xong trước 6 giờ.

Present perfect continuous

(Hiện bên trên hoàn thành xong tiếp diễn)

S + have/has + been + being + V3The robbers have been being looked for by the police day and night. 

Những thương hiệu cướp đã trở nên công an săn lùng ráo riết ngày tối.

Past perfect continuous

(Quá khứ hoàn thành xong tiếp diễn)

S + had + been +being + V3The door had been knocking since we came in.

Cánh cửa ngõ bị gõ liên tiếp kể từ lúc Shop chúng tôi vào trong nhà.

Future perfect continuous 

(Tương lai hoàn thành xong tiếp diễn)

S + will  have + been +being + V3The piano will have been being played when she comes at 6 PM.

Piano sẽ tiến hành tấn công Khi cô ấy cho tới vô khi 6 giờ chiều.

Cách quy đổi câu dữ thế chủ động lịch sự câu bị động

Bước 1: Xác quyết định những trở nên phần: S, V, O và thì của động kể từ vô câu

Bước 2: Chuyển O (câu công ty động) → S (câu bị động)

Bước 3: Chuyển S (câu công ty động) → by O (câu bị động). 

Bước 4: V chủ yếu (câu công ty động) → be + V3 (câu bị động).

Lưu ýVí dụ
S (câu công ty động) là: People, everyone, someone, anyone. 

→ cũng có thể lược vứt vô câu thụ động.

Someone turned on the air conditioner.

→ The air conditioner was turned on.

Ai này đã nhảy máy rét lên.

S (câu công ty động) chỉ người/vật thẳng tạo nên hành vi. 

→ By O

The cake is being cut by him.  

Chiếc bánh được hạn chế vày anh tao.

S (câu công ty động) chỉ người/vật loại gián tiếp tạo nên hành vi. 

→ With O

The cake is being cut with a knife.  

→ Chiếc bánh được hạn chế vày con cái dao.

>>Có thể chúng ta quan liêu tâm: Câu thụ động thì lúc này đơn

Trọn cỗ 100 câu bài xích luyện thụ động [có đáp án chi tiết]

Bài luyện câu thụ động cơ bạn dạng với đáp án

Bài luyện thụ động với những thì cơ bản

1. A woman feeds the lions.

The lions ________________________

A. are fed

B. were fed by a woman.

2. A boy broke the window.

The window _____________________

A. was broken

B. is broken by a boy.

3. Somebody has made a mistake.

A mistake _______________________

A. was made

B. has been made.

4. Everybody is going đồ sộ love him.

He _____________________________

A. is going đồ sộ be loved

B. was going đồ sộ be loved by everybody.

5. Cervantes wrote ‘Don Quixote’.

‘Don Quixote’ _______________________

A. was written by Cervantes.

B. has been written by Cervantes.

6. They are helping my brother.

My brother ________________

A. is being helped by them.

B. is being helped 

7. Pamela will drive the xe taxi.

The xe taxi ____________________

A. will been driven

B. will be driven by Pamela.

8. I was watering these trees.

These trees ___________________

A. were being watered

B. are being watered by u.

9. I will pay the bill in 2 months.

The bill__________________

A. will pay in 2 months

B. will be paid in 2 months

10. Hoa is reading comics now.

Comics_________________ now.

A. is read

B. is being read

Đáp án

12345678910
AABAABBABB

>> Xem thêm:

  • Bài luyện thì quá khứ đơn
  • Bài luyện câu điều kiện
  • Bài luyện câu tường thuật

Bài luyện Passive voice dạng câu hỏi

1. Do they teach English here?

 ……………………………………………………………………………

2. Will you invite her đồ sộ your wedding party?

……………………………………………………………………………

3. Has Tom finished the work?

……………………………………………………………………………

4. Did the teacher give some exercises?

……………………………………………………………………………

5. Have you finished your homework?

……………………………………………………………………………

6. How many games has the team played?

……………………………………………………………………………

7. Where tự people speak English?

……………………………………………………………………………

8. Who will look after the children for you?

……………………………………………………………………………

9. How long have they waited for the doctor?

……………………………………………………………………………

10. What time can the boys hand in their papers?

……………………………………………………………………………

11. Who lent you this book?

……………………………………………………………………………

12. How many marks does the teacher give you?

……………………………………………………………………………

Đáp án: 

1. Is English taught here?

2. Will she be invited đồ sộ your wedding party?

3. Has the work been finished by Tom?

4. Were some exercises given by the teacher?

5. Has your homework been finished?

6. How many games have been played by the team?

7. Where is English spoken?

8. By whom are the children looked after?

9. How long has the doctor been waiting for?

10. What time can the boy’s papers be handed in?

11. By whom is this book lent đồ sộ you?

12. How many marks are you given by the teacher?

Bài luyện với 2 tân ngữ

1. The waiter brought u this dish.

……………………………………………………………………………

2. Our friends send these postcards đồ sộ us.

……………………………………………………………………………

3. Their grandmother told them this story when they visited her last week.

……………………………………………………………………………

4. Tim ordered this train ticket for his mother.

……………………………………………………………………………

5. You didn’t show u the special cameras.

……………………………………………………………………………

6. She showed her ticket đồ sộ the airline agent.

……………………………………………………………………………

7. He lends his friend his new shoes.

……………………………………………………………………………

8.She left her relatives five million pounds.

……………………………………………………………………………

9. The cửa hàng assistant handed these boxes đồ sộ the customer.

……………………………………………………………………………

10. The board awarded the first prize đồ sộ the reporter.

……………………………………………………………………………

Xem thêm: cách tính cấp số cộng

Bài luyện câu thụ động với 2 tân ngữ

Đáp án:

1. This dish was brought đồ sộ u (by the waiter).

2. These postcards are sent đồ sộ us(by our friend).

3. This story was told đồ sộ them(by their grandmother) when they visited her last week.

4. This train ticket was ordered for Tim’s mother.

5. The special cameras weren’t shown đồ sộ u.

6. Her ticket was shown đồ sộ the airline agent (by her).

7. His new shoes are lent đồ sộ his friends (by him).

8. Five million pounds was left đồ sộ her relatives (by her).

9. These boxes were handed đồ sộ the customer (by the cửa hàng assistant).

10. The first prize was awarded đồ sộ the reporter (by the board).

Bài luyện gửi câu thụ động với động kể từ tường thuật

1. They told u that you were the best architect in this thành phố.

……………………………………………………………………………

2. She reported that the flowers were killed by frost.

……………………………………………………………………………

3. Some people inform u that the director is going đồ sộ take a business trip đồ sộ England.

……………………………………………………………………………

4. That officer announced that the meeting was delayed until next week.

……………………………………………………………………………

5. He discovered that this cốt tông was grown in Egypt.

……………………………………………………………………………

6. They promise that the performance will start on time.

……………………………………………………………………………

7. He recommends that we should stay in the thành phố center.

……………………………………………………………………………

8. We believed that Alice would pass the driving test.

……………………………………………………………………………

9. The director notifies all the workers that they will have đồ sộ work extra hard this month.

……………………………………………………………………………

10. They have persuaded u that they will go with u đồ sộ the stadium.

……………………………………………………………………………

Đáp án:

1. I was told that you were the architect in this thành phố.

2. It was reported that the flowers were killed by frost./The flowers were reported đồ sộ be killed by frost.

3. I am informed that the director is going đồ sộ take a business trip đồ sộ England.

4. It was announced that the meeting was delayed until next week.

5. It was discovered that this cốt tông was grown in Egypt.

6. It is promised that the performance will start on time.

7. It is recommended that we stay in the thành phố center.

8. It was believed that Alice would pass the driving test.

9. All the workers are notified that they will have đồ sộ work extra hard this month.

10. I have been persuaded that they will go with u đồ sộ the stadium.

Chuyển câu thụ động với động kể từ sai bảo

1. I had my uncle paint my room last week.

……………………………………………………………………………

2. She will have u wash the dishes tomorrow.

……………………………………………………………………………

3. They have her tell the story again.

……………………………………………………………………………

4. John gets his sister đồ sộ clean his shirt.

……………………………………………………………………………

5. Anne had had a friend type her composition.

……………………………………………………………………………

6. Rick will have a barber cut his hair.

……………………………………………………………………………

7. I will get the dressmaker đồ sộ make a new dress.

……………………………………………………………………………

8. He got a mechanic đồ sộ repair his xế hộp.

……………………………………………………………………………

9. We had a man take this photograph when we were on holiday last summer.

……………………………………………………………………………

10. The Greens had a carpet cleaner clean their carpet.

……………………………………………………………………………

Đáp án:

1. I had my room painted last week.

2. She will have the dishes washed tomorrow.

3. They have the story told again.

4. John gets his shirt cleaned.

5. Anne has had her composition typed.

6. Rick will have his hair cut.

7. I will get a new dress made.

8. He got his xế hộp repaired.

9. We had this photograph taken when we were on holiday last summer.

10. The Greens had their carpet cleaned.

Bài luyện thụ động ôn thi đua THPTQG

Câu chất vấn Đáp án
1. “What a lovely dress you’re wearing!”

“Thank you. It …………… especially for u by my mother.”

A. is made

B. has made

C. made

D. was made

2. I don’t understand why the students didn’t keep silent while the speech …………A. has been made

B. was made

C. would be made

D. was being made

3. This is the first time I have seen this xế hộp. Where ………………?A. did it make

B. did it made

C. was it make

D. was it made

4. Today, many serious childhood diseases ……………….. by early immunization.A. are preventing

B. can prevent

C. prevent

D. can be prevented

5. Whole-grain food products …………….. in most large supermarkets across the United States and Canada.A. now can purchase

B. can now be purchased

C. now đồ sộ purchase

D. the purchase of which

6. All that rubbish will have đồ sộ be …………. at once.A. get rid of

B. got rid of

C. đồ sộ get rid of

D. getting rid of

7. “What happened đồ sộ the postman?”

“He …………………. đồ sộ a new town đồ sộ work.”

A. has sent

B. was send

C. was sent

D. sent

8. Excuse u. Is this seat………………?A. taking

B. took

C. occupy

D. taken

9. There’s somebody walking behind us. I think ………………. .A. we are following

B. we are being followed

C. we are followed

D. we are being following

10. We’re late. The film ……………… by the time we get đồ sộ the cinema.A. will already start

B. will be already started

C. will already have started

D. will be starting

11. I still can’t believe it. My bicycle ……………… some minutes ago.A. was stolen

B. was stealing

C. stolen

D. stole

12. Some funny ……………… in class yesterday.A. happened

B. was happened

C. happens

D. is happened

Đáp án:

1. D2. D3. D4. D
5. B6. B7. C8. D
9. B10. C11. A12. A
Bài luyện câu thụ động ôn thi đua THPTQG

Bài luyện thụ động dạng nâng cao

1. The boys pointed at the woman with a red hat.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2. They have provided the poor with food and clothing.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3. People speak English in almost every corner of the world.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4. You mustn’t use that machine after 7:30 p.m.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

5. After class, they always erase the chalkboard.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

6. The company paid u a lot of money đồ sộ tự the job.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

7. The headmaster gave each of us two exercise books.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

8. Someone will tell him that story.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

9. They have sent enough money đồ sộ those poor families.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

10. They have given women in most countries the right đồ sộ vote.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Đáp án:

1. The woman with a red hat was pointed at by the boys.

2. The poor have been provided with food and clothing.

3. English is spoken in almost every corner of the world.

4. That machine mustn’t be used after 7:30 p.m.

5. After class, the chalkboard is always erased.

6. I was paid a lot of money đồ sộ tự the job by the company.

7. Each of us was given two exercise books by the headmaster.

8. He will be told that story.

Xem thêm: nghị luận tư tưởng đạo lí

9. Those poor have been sent enough money.

10. Women in most countries have been given the right đồ sộ vote.

Trên trên đây những bài xích luyện câu thụ động nhưng mà ELSA Speak vẫn tổ hợp được. Quý khách hàng hãy luyện thiệt luyện chuyên cần nhằm đoạt được công ty điểm ngữ pháp này và đạt điểm số cao trong mỗi kỳ thi đua tiếp đây nhé.